Cypress vs Selenium
Why do we need automation in software testing?
The answer lies in the fact that it is difficult to conduct effective software testing without the use of automation. The goal of software testing is to verify that a programme operates as intended, free of errors and with optimal performance.
In order to hasten your software development life cycle (SDLC), automating your software testing is preferable than depending on manual test effort. Failure costs are reduced and a better product is guaranteed thanks to automated testing.
Automated software testing, in contrast to manual testing, yields consistent and repeatable findings since it removes human error from the equation. By submitting the findings of the test sooner (it only takes a few minutes to do so) rather than waiting for them to become available later, you gain valuable time.
Continuous Integration and Delivery (CI/CD) rely heavily on automated testing to ensure quality. All of your changes are automatically checked for bugs and the results are sent back to the team. In this method, they may arrange the fixes in order of importance and maintain a steady pace of progress.
On the market, you can choose from a wide variety of test automation frameworks and tools. Several of the most compelling arguments in favor of using automated test procedures are as follows.
- Get the results of your tests a lot quicker than you would with manual testing.
- Large, repeatable operations, like regression testing, have the greatest advantages.
- Releases may be produced quickly without sacrificing quality.
- With automated testing rather than manual testing, which is prone to human mistake, fewer bugs will make it to your customers.
While these automation tools bring clear benefits, there’s still a dilemma about which one to go for. As with every tool, test automation frameworks have their own set of recommended procedures that are, without a doubt, designed to benefit you. Still, we’d want to simplify things for you, so you can make an informed decision about which framework is the most trustworthy without any hesitation.
For the best possible software quality assurance, some of the best test automation frameworks are Cypress, Selenium, and testRigor.
We should examine each one carefully. To help you make the most informed decision possible, we’ll go through the languages they support, the features they provide, how quickly we can run test cases, and our ultimate judgment.
What is Cypress.io?
Cypress.io is an open-source, cross-browser, web-based testing automation framework. As an open-source ecosystem, it is meant to free front-end developers from the burden of managing test automation so that they may focus on creating cutting-edge online applications.
Cypress mainly focuses on integration testing and unit testing and runs in the same loop as your application to deliver quick testing results for your code.
Plus, it captures screenshots of your web app mechanically to keep a log of test results. To install Cypress, you simply need to execute the command $npm, and you are all set.
Some of Cypress’s Best Features
- Cypress may be used in any web browser.
- Your web applications can be debugged rapidly and effectively. Its snapshot function sends you immediately to the error area, which makes repairing the problems smooth and straightforward.
- Thanks to its quick execution, you may receive your test findings in a fraction of the time with a response time of less than 20 minutes.
- Since dependencies and libraries are already established and no further setup is required, setting up Cypress testing is faster than setting up Selenium tests.
- Functional, integration, and unit tests are all examples of the many types of tests that may be written.
Cypress’s Major Drawbacks
While Cypress is straightforward to set up and operate with, it is constrained in the testing method that prohibits enterprises to make it their preferred automation framework. The primary drawbacks are as follows:
- While Selenium and testRigor are capable of testing iFrames, Cypress is not.
- You can’t use it for web crawling or data mining since it’s not a standard browser automation platform.
- You can’t test many tabs or windows concurrently.
- Some aspects of your website may be more difficult to test since you cannot do cross-domain testing. If your login provider or payment page is hosted on a different domain, for instance, you cannot do simultaneous testing on both domains.
- Since Cypress is browser-based, you won’t be able to conduct end-to-end tests combining several platforms. This also implies no API or mobile testing is available with this framework.
What is Selenium?
Selenium is a free and open-source testing framework for ensuring browser compatibility in online applications.
Many external drivers, bindings, and plugins may be used with Selenium to provide a smooth testing experience. Though it lacks a full suite of testing tools, its portability makes it easy to integrate with other programmes like Apple SafariDriver, RSelenium, Capybara, and many more.
Several of Selenium’s Main Benefits
For many years, IT professionals have relied on Selenium for test automation thanks to its many benefits.
- It has an add-on for Chrome (including Electron), Firefox, Safari, and Edge, so its test automation tools may be performed locally or remotely on any of those browsers. This browser extension may record your actions and then play them again.
- Grid allows you to execute test cases across a wide variety of browsers and operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and more.
- Saving time throughout the execution process is possible by running numerous test cases simultaneously.
Drawbacks of Selenium That Are Important to Know
While Selenium is a popular software testing framework, it has several significant drawbacks due to its inability to communicate with other frameworks.
- It takes experienced QA engineers to build the necessary tests for the first framework setup.
- Larger projects sometimes have difficulties with test stability, and keeping tests updated may become a full-time job in and of itself.
- It’s impossible to test both mobile and desktop apps at the same time.
- Execution of tests at a high rate is impossible. Time spent testing, troubleshooting, and fixing problems is increased by the requirement to provide instructions for each individual activity.
- It is not possible to automatically produce test reports. There is currently no built-in reporting functionality in Selenium. This means your final findings might be lost unless you’ve used a reliable third-party solution.
What is testRigor?
A cloud-based testing platform, testRigor is powered by artificial intelligence. It’s the only option here that can test your app in its entirety, from start to finish, on any device, using any browser or API. testRigor stands out from the crowd with its no-code, plain-English tests, outstanding stability, and little upkeep.
Creating an account on testRigor is totally free of charge.
TestRigor’s Primary Benefits
As a result of its cutting-edge engine, testRigor offers certain distinct benefits:
- With its parallelization mechanism, all features may be tested and retested in under 15 minutes.
- Those plain English test cases you’ve been working on may now be executed. With testRigor, you can put your English skills to work to put your application through its paces without having to learn a programming language only to write test cases.
- You can often write tests 15 times quicker than using Selenium, which means reaching required test coverage has never been so simple.
- On the whole, test upkeep will take 99.5% less of your time.
- The tests are so consistent and dependable that they can be seamlessly included into the CI/CD process.
TestRigor’s Major Drawbacks
There is no way to run programmes that were designed for desktop environments (same as with Selenium and Cypress)
To be clear, testRigor is the only service in this evaluation that requires payment. On the other hand, this is not as simple as it may seem. After factoring in greater compensation for QA engineers and infrastructure expenditures, many customers actually experience savings. Because testRigor is cloud-based and requires no coding, any member of the team may use it to create automated tests.
Functional testing and test automation in general are areas where Cypress, Selenium, and testRigor are employed by well-known companies throughout the world. testRigor is superior to other options when it comes to running tests. This is possible because of the extensive use of AI and the high-tech automation features already incorporated into the system.
No prior knowledge of any programming language is required, nor are external bindings required. Moreover, no Xpaths or CSS Selectors are used since tests are created from a human viewpoint. Because of this, developing and testing software will go much more quickly and reliably.