Two popular frameworks in the test automation industry are Selenium and Playwright. Selenium is a legend; every automation tester must have probably started their journey with Selenium. On the other hand, Playwright is a modern take on test automation that has gained popularity quickly.

Wondering which of these two to opt for?

Read on to learn more about Selenium and Playwright, their pros and cons, and how they compare against each other. Based on this information, you can assess and opt for the one that works best for your requirements.

What is Selenium?

Selenium is one of the oldest and most popular test automation frameworks out there. It is an open-source framework that is widely used for automating the testing of web applications. When people talk about Selenium, they most commonly mean the Selenium WebDriver. However, Selenium comprises different components, as mentioned in the next section.

Components of Selenium

  • Selenium IDE (Integrated Development Environment)
    This is a browser-based tool for recording, editing, and debugging tests. It offers a user-friendly interface for creating test scripts. Selenium IDE allows for the playback of tests in the browser, is helpful for quick test creation and debugging, has a record-and-playback feature, and can export tests in various programming languages.