To put it simply, a test case is an activity, or more often a collection of activities, designed to verify the operation of a particular feature or set of features in an application. Several test cases together make up a test suite.
An essential part of software testing, a test case verifies that the software functions as intended and that the requirements have been met. It aids quality assurance experts in segmenting testing coverage and verifying functionality independently. Functional, GUI, performance, integration, and many other elements may all be covered via test cases. Software defects (also known as problems or bugs) may be found and fixed via the execution of test cases, leading to higher quality overall.
A single test case may include several parts. Typically they include prerequisites( type of browser, OS etc.), steps needed to be completed and expected results.
A test suite is simply a collection of related test cases. Test suites contain a group of tests that can be run and the results of those tests reported.
According to certain guidelines and goals that each set of test cases should accomplish, tests may be organized into distinct suites according to different criteria. Different test suites can also be given a list of required states, system configurations, and relevant descriptions.
Understanding the difference between manual and automated testing
Any given test case might be executed manually or automatically:
Without the use of automated tools, a QA Analyst does “manual testing,” in which they go through each test step in a test case by hand. While manual testing is still the technique of choice for certain types of testing, it is very inefficient for routine tasks (ex: when you have to go through the exact same functional test cases every single time before the release).
The term “automated testing” refers to a procedure in which tests are carried out with the use of automated technologies and without the involvement of a human tester. This may be achieved by developing test scripts inside an automation environment. Getting tests done faster is one of the main draws of using automated testing solutions.
Traditionally, automated testing required QA engineers to use test frameworks like Selenium. With testRigor you can create automated tests without having to learn coding. As a no-code tool you can build automated tests by simply recording the steps with the help of a chrome extension.
Before an app is released to the general public, a test run is essential for determining any remaining testing requirements. Therefore, the demands of the clients are met by the Test Run, which guarantees the greatest quality of the product. If automated testing is in place, a test run may be automatically launched at any time or under any specific conditions (ex: when a new software build comes out).
Accessibility and usability testing are two domains where real-world instances of manual testing abound.
The following are examples of potential manual testing scenarios for an e-commerce website: Improvements for all accessible platforms and browsers: The purpose of this procedure is to guarantee that the created web app may be accessed from a wide variety of mobile and desktop browsers.
A web app should render correctly across all devices and work smoothly in all popular browsers.
Simple and quick checkout: The likelihood of a client making a second purchase might be affected by the checkout page’s aesthetic and usability. Customers are more likely to leave a purchase if it is too difficult to complete, if there aren’t enough payment alternatives, if there aren’t enough delivery choices, and if the application consistently has performance issues.
Automated testing benefits
Non-functional testing, like load or performance testing, and testing with a high volume of repeatable steps are where automation really excels. Automation testing is far more trustworthy than manual testing, provided that the test scripts are well-written. Time savings is another major benefit of automated testing, since running hundreds of test cases manually might take hours or even days but just takes minutes with automation.
Creating relevant test cases and test suites will save you a lot of time and is invaluable for more efficient QA testing. Depending on the type of software you are looking to test, your strategies will need to be different for each type of application.